The history of Groton dates back to the early 1700s, in Colonial times. The town separated from New London, Connecticut in the year 1705. About 100 years from the date of establishment, the area was occupied by Indians of the Nehantic tribe. After an attack from a neighboring tribe, many of this tribe fled to Rhode Island.
At some point in Groton, CT history, the Pequot tribe occupied the land (descendents of the Algonquian) and built a reputation quickly as a courageous and vicious tribe. However, the Pequot War and Mystic Massacre eliminated most of this tribe.
White settlers came in the 1600s and 1700s to colonize the territory. The first settlers of Groton were believed to be farmers, and they certainly had their work cut out for them, since the land mostly consisted of rocks and trees.
Eventually, the town became known as an oceanfront community. It wasn’t long before locals started to build ships in anticipation of trade. Commerce boomed for a while, but was challenged in the later 1700s, when the French and Indian War ended. When Parliament closed down the Boston Port, this took a toll on Groton’s industries.
The Revolutionary War between the colonies and Britain is also a part of Groton history. The memorial for the Battle of Groton Heights was erected in the 1800s to honor those who lost their lives at Fort Griswold. To this day, the 135-foot tall monument is a town landmark. After the Revolutionary War ended, commerce in Groton recovered.
Some other historical sites that celebrate Groton history include General Dynamic's Electric Boat Division, the Old Mystic Baptist Church, and the Submarine Force Museum.
Explore the history of Groton and catch up on a fascinating piece of American history!